Low blood pressure symptoms include dizziness and blurred vision A low blood pressure reading would be 90/60mmHg or lower Every UK adult should check their blood pressure at least every five years See a GP or pharmacist to have your blood pressure checked Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, can happen for a variety of reasons – it could be linked to the medication you are taking or an underlying health condition. It could even happen after getting out a hot bath.
An ideal blood pressure reading is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. Low blood pressure is considered to be 90/60mmHg or lower. Hypotension does not always cause symptoms, but you may be required to take treatment. If symptoms do appear, there are certain ones you should look out for, including lightheadedness or dizziness, feeling sick and blurred vision
What is low blood pressure?
Many people worry about low blood pressure (hypotension) but probably don’t need to. Some people have a blood pressure level that is lower than normal. In general, this may be good news – because the lower your blood pressure is, the lower your risk of stroke or heart disease. However, in a few cases, having low blood pressure can cause problems, so you might need to speak to your doctor or nurse.
Types of low blood pressure: causes, signs & symptoms
There are several types of low blood pressure. Each is linked to a different cause and leads to different signs and symptoms. The four main types of low blood pressure are:
- Chronic asymptomatic hypotension
- Orthostatic hypotension
- Neurally mediated hypotension
- Severe hypotension linked to shock
Symptoms of low blood pressure
Most doctors will only consider chronically low blood pressure as dangerous if it causes noticeable signs and symptoms, such as:
- Fainting (syncope)
- Dehydration and unusual thirst
- Dehydration can sometimes cause blood pressure to drop.
- Lack of concentration
- Rapid, shallow breathing
- Blurred vision
- Cold, clammy, pale skin
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
Is low blood pressure dangerous?
Usually, having low blood pressure is not a cause for concern. However, sometimes your blood pressure can drop to a point where you may feel faint or dizzy. If you find that your blood pressure is suddenly much lower than usual, there may be a reason for this. Speak to your doctor or nurse.
Low blood pressure treatment and prevention
People with naturally low blood pressure and who experience no symptoms will require no treatment. However, people who have abnormally low blood pressure and who are experiencing symptoms will be advised by doctors to take a variety of simple steps to help manage the condition and prevent the onset of symptoms. In cases where these measures do not help, or when blood pressure is significantly low, medication may also be prescribed.
Actions that may help in preventing the symptoms of low blood pressure include:18
- Standing up or sitting down slowly
- Crossing the legs, standing on the tip-toes or tensing the muscles while standing to promote blood flow
- Avoiding triggers such as high temperatures or frightening situations
- Raising the head slightly while sleeping
- Have Fruit diet and put more emphasis on Exercise.
- Wearing support stocking to help promote blood flow
- Drinking plenty of fluids
- Eating smaller meals